TORONTO — The Toronto stock market was higher Tuesday on a day marked by volatility and a sell-off in commodities.The S&P/TSX composite index closed up 30.93 points at 14,624.50 after falling more than 200 points earlier in the session.Stocks in New York also rebounded after opening the day with significant losses.The Dow Jones industrial average closed up 93.33 points at 17,776.91 after being down more than 200 points, while the Nasdaq rose 5.52 points to 4,997.46 after earlier shedding more than 90 points. The S&P 500 finished 12.58 points higher at 2,081.34 after sliding nearly 25 points in early trading.Sunday’s “no” vote in the Greek debt referendum plunged the country’s future in the euro into uncertainty, yet investors are now adjusting their expectations on the fallout in world financial markets, according to Sadiq Adatia, chief investment officer for Sun Life Global Investments.“People realized around the same time that whatever happens with Greece, it’s still a really small economy,” he said. “You’ve still got to worry about the rest of the world and there could be opportunity there.” Commodities were hit hard, with oil, gold, and copper all losing value.The August contract for benchmark crude ended the day down 20 cents at US$52.33 a barrel.“People are starting to realize that supply hasn’t diminished, it’s actually gone up since we hit $44 oil in January,” Adatia said. “The next step is down rather than up for oil prices.”The August gold contract was down $20.60 at US$1,154.30 an ounce, while September copper fell 9.15 cents to US$2.45 a pound, reaching levels not seen since January.The loonie slid 0.37 of a US cent to end the day at 78.67 cents, its sixth consecutive day of losses against the greenback.In the face of the Greek crisis, Adatia said, investors have become risk averse and are flocking to the safety of the American currency, pushing up its value relative to the Canadian dollar.The loonie has also been under pressure from speculation that the Bank of Canada will cut its trend-setting interest rate next Wednesday.Much of that has come from economic reports indicating that Canada may be in a recession — defined as two consecutive quarters of negative growth.Statistics Canada added more fuel to the fire Tuesday when it reported that Canada’s merchandise trade deficit rose to $3.34 billion in May from $3.0 billion in April, a gap that was much higher than the consensus estimate of $2.5 billion.Trade figures showed that exports declined 0.6 per cent in May to $42 billion, while imports edged up 0.2 per cent to $45.3 billion.
“It helps them to plan in accordance with their skills and experience. And importantly, being able to see routes clearly in this way should help people get inspired to do more in the great outdoors and at the same time keep safe.”The Aerial 3D view is intended to complement standard OS maps – OS Landranger (1:50k) and OS Explorer (1:25) – that have been staple to walkers and hikers for decades. Despite the rise of digital technology, according to OS sales of its paper maps rose from 1.8 million in 2013 to 1.9 million last year, reversing a downward trend. OS claimed customers were finding paper maps more reliable. “People are recognising the vital role which OS paper maps play in supporting digital devices,” said Giles at the time. Snowdon, the tallest point in WalesCredit:Ordnance Survey Hikers will now find it easier than ever to plot walks through the UK countryside, thanks to new 3D mapping software launched by Ordnance Survey (OS).Some of the UK’s most dramatic landscapes are being brought to life on desktops, tablets and smartphones by the programme, which offers aerial views of peaks, glens, lochs and lakes. The immersive tool also allows walkers to plot their routes with a greater understanding of the hazards they will face along the way, such as cliffs and crags. Users are then able to share their plans – or search for those already created from a 950,000-strong database.Can you guess the UK city from its OS map?“The new feature is perfect for anyone thinking of hiking, biking or climbing in Britain,” said Nick Giles, Ordnance Survey’s leisure managing director. The White Cliffs of Dover can be viewed on the OS site The new software allows a variety of perspectives of the country’s hills, countryside and coastline, with users able to zoom and rotate the viewpoint. The images provide surprisingly pleasing views of some of the UK’s landmarks, from Snowdon to Arthur’s Seat.Aerial 3D is currently available in a seven-day free trial, which provides access to 607 other maps by OS. National Parks Pathways are also included. Afterwards access costs £19.99.OS will also launch an accessibility layer to its new maps, allowing wheelchair users and pram-pushing parents to assess the routes they can tackle without hindrance.
And although Kerin realises that he is obliged to remain as unemotional as possible in all footballing situations, he concedes it can be difficult at times, especially when he has to inform a player that they have suffered a bad injury.“That’s the toughest part of it, particularly in Ireland where you have players on short contracts — 42-week contracts. So if you have a player who does his cruciate, that’s a nine-month injury. So that player is now injured for the whole length of his contract. So in the off-season, he’s just coming back from injury and you wonder can he get another contract at the club he’s at, or he might have to go pay-as-you-play at another club.“The cruciate’s the obvious one in football — it’s a long-term injury and it’s common. Your responsibility there is motivating them and making sure they keep going throughout the process. Because I’m young and because I’m enthusiastic, the long-term injuries are somewhere where I’d probably be considered really strong.”(Kerin pictured on the bench, far right, during his time at St Pat’s — INPHO/Michael Schwartz)He emphasises that the manner in which he treats the injured players, both from a practical and pyschological viewpoint, can ultimately have a big influence on their long-term well-being.“It’s a hard process coming back from six or nine-month injuries, so you sometimes have to make a conscious effort to be enthusiastic and to be positive to help guys. It’s very dark, because with players, you sometimes find that if you have three or four players who are injured, you don’t want to call them ‘the injured group’. You don’t want them to change how they see themselves. You’ve got one group outside playing and then you’ve got the injured guys who aren’t playing. So they’ve completely changed how they define themselves.“People aren’t saying to them ‘how did you play last week?’ People are now saying ‘how’s your injury coming along?’. So it changes how they view themselves. It’s very hard for them with things like mood and confidence being affected. I wouldn’t go too much into the sports psychology of it — I’m not sure how much footballers would buy into it. I just think enthusiasm and trying to make sure you put on a good rehab session for them on a day-to-day basis is important.“It’s difficult because when someone gets a long-term injury in the first month or two months, it is what it is, and the last couple of months are the best because they’ve just got back to playing and they’re all excited. But that long period in the middle where they’re slogging — that’s really where you earn your corn because you’ve got to be positive and keep things interesting, otherwise it can be difficult for them.”Kerin has consequently had to adapt quickly and learn how to manage such issues. And at such a young age, he has managed to acquire considerable experience in the game. So does this make him the physio equivalent of Andros Townsend or James McCarthy? Are more high-profile teams lining up to try to sign this promising youngster? Not quite, it appears.“It seems to be the case that with the bigger clubs, particularly in the Premier League and the Championship in England, a lot of the physios move with their manager. So that seems to be what happens there and how I ended up here was that Michael O’Neill was good to me and was able to recommend me.“I’m 24, so I’m by some distance the youngest physio in the SPL — I’d say I’m the youngest physio by 15 years in the SPL. So when it comes to applying for a job, the likes of me is never going to get anything by CV because while I have a strong CV, I just don’t have five years’ experience that most places need.“Obviously, you’d be ambitious and you’d like to work at the highest level with the best facilities and the biggest budget that you could — that’s your aim, just as it is with players. You hope that if you do well, people will know who you are and eventually, stuff will come up for you.”(Kerin, centre left, celebrates a St Johnstone goal)In addition to his work in football, during his time off from League of Ireland duty, Kerin also worked at various points with both the under-19s at the Leinster Academy and the Dublin GAA footballers. With that in mind, would he ever consider operating outside of football on a more regular basis?“In football, you become very specialised because you’ll see a lot of bad ankles, knees, hips and groins,” he says. “But you’ll very rarely see dislocated shoulders — you might see one in three years. So that’s a challenge, especially for a young physio like me who’s still developing. You just don’t get as many upper-body injuries, so that’s why when there were opportunities for rugby and Gaelic, I would always try to take them.“If the opportunity came to work in rugby in the future, that’s something [I’d consider]. Rugby’s my first sport, it’s the sport I played as a young fella. The biggest-budgeted sport in Ireland is rugby, so I’d always like to keep in touch with that.”At the moment however, Kerin is more than content with life at St Johnstone. They managed the incredible feat of finishing third in the SPL last year, and while they haven’t been quite as successful so far this season (they sit in seventh place at the time of writing), for a club whose playing staff and budget is relatively small compared with other sides in the league, they are still very much punching above their weight. Their current aim, Kerin says, is to be in the top six when the league splits in two towards the end of the season — and anything thereafter is a bonus.And of course, such success gives the Irish youngster great pleasure, particularly when it involves a player who had faced a race to be fit before kick-off.“We played last week and won 4-0 against Inverness. We had two players who had been 50:50 and played. When you work hard with a player and push them to get them fit for the Saturday — you’re hoping they get through the game. You’re confident they will, but you’re still that little bit nervy.“If they do well and score a goal, that’s the best feeling at five o’clock on a Saturday. If the team avoid injuries and the boys have done well, then you can’t ask for anything more. That’s the buzz you get off it, if you’re helping players managing an injury, they’re the ones you’re ecstatic for.”(All pics used with permission via Fearghal Kerin)*His time there also encompassed a stint succeeding yours truly as Sports Editor of The University Observer.Brian O’Driscoll sets Grand Slam target in revealing Late Late interview>O’Carroll in contact with brain specialist after All-Ireland final concussion> FOR A 24-year-old, Fearghal Kerin has achieved an incredible amount. Despite his tender years, he has worked as a first-team physio at the top level in the SPL with St Johnstone, been part of Shamrock Rovers’ historic Europa League run and assisted both the Dublin Gaelic football team and the Leinster Rugby Academy.Having earned a bachelor’s degree in Physiotherapy at UCD* as well as a master’s in Sports and Exercise Medicine at Trinity College, Kerin landed the role of Head Physiotherapist at Shamrock Rovers.Although Kerin stayed in the position for just under a year, his time there happened to coincide with the most successful period in the club’s recent history. Not only did they win the Airtricity League, they also became the first-ever Irish club to qualify for the Europa League group stages.In addition to the obvious glamour and excitement that the adventure encompassed, meeting high-profile sides such as Tottenham, Kerin explains how the Europa League stint was an invaluable learning experience for him personally.“You’re looking to tick as many boxes as you can and for us, we got to travel to Russia, White Hart Lane, Serbia, Estonia, Denmark, so we got an awful lot of travelling done that year. Spurs were very good because one of their physios was Irish. He showed me around and I got see a lot of what goes on in the background there and got to ask a few questions. So when they came over, I met their physios for a drink. You take as much as you can out of these opportunities because [Spurs’ physios] are obviously at the very top of their game.“We went to Rubin Kazan in Russia, and it was minus-18 degrees for the game, so that was a challenge too. You’re not used to working in extreme conditions in football. All of a sudden, you’re thinking ‘how am I gonna handle this?’. So there’s different aspects of it — Europe is great because it just brings so many new challenges to your planning. ‘What are we going to need? What happens if we have a major injury over there?’“The planning that goes in there and the actual execution is great fun too. St Johnstone played Rosenburg [in the Europa League] and beat them, so that was a great experience. You’re getting everyone as physically conditioned as quick as you can for Europe in pre-season. It came at the start of our season and Rosenburg were in season. So to go and win was a great achievement for us and you can obviously be delighted with yourself after that.”Michael O’Neill’s departure to become Northern Ireland manager meant all the staff at Rovers left with him, but Kerin quickly got another job working with St Pat’s. Nevertheless, despite O’Neill ending his association with the club, Kerin remained in his thoughts.(Kerin, far right, poses with colleagues during his time at Shamrock Rovers)“I knew there was also a possibility of going to St Johnstone, because Michael was good friends with Tommy Wright, who was assistant manager over there,” he explains. “He had mentioned the fact that St Johnstone would be changing physio and asked would I be interested, and he just kept me in the loop with regards that. So he set up a meeting with Steve Lomas, who was the manager at the time. Lomas was over scouting players in Dublin one day and he rang and wondered if I wanted to meet him. I said I would but that was it — I didn’t hear anything for a few months.“So I was thinking they were going to make a change, but then didn’t. In season, I got another phone call asking if I wanted to come over and see the place and do another interview. It was the end of my season at Pat’s, so it was decent timing for me. I went over and saw the set-up — there were decent facilities, it was what I was looking for — proper full-time football and slightly better facilities than I had at Pat’s. So I said it was not going to be something that I’d turn down. So I just started a month before Christmas last year and it’s just coming up over a year now.”Kerin is enjoying life in this new role, pointing to the trust placed on his particular methods of physiotherapy as one of the main reasons he feels at home in the position. Lomas, meanwhile, has moved on to coach Millwall, with Wright being installed in his place.“Things have been good under him. They’ve given me a free reign to do it, as I have my own way of doing things. And I would try to work the players quite hard for short periods. Some people would take an injured player and keep them in for six or seven hours and do a lot of massage and lot of treatments, whereas I would get them in to work them hard for two hours, then I’m content that they’ve done enough in that period.“I’m lucky that our assistant manager, Callum Davidson, is young — he’s just retired from playing. He was at Blackburn [when they were in] the Premier League, so he’s clued in,” he adds. “They’ve got good sports scientists, a good assistant and a good doctor, I’m quite lucky with the staff around me. So if you couldn’t enjoy a job like this, then there’s something wrong with you.”However, while it is in many ways a dream role, Kerin admits there are some drawbacks that come with the work too — namely, the intensive working hours and constantly being away from his family and friends in Ireland.“It’s difficult being away from home. The hours are reasonably unsociable and I don’t get to go home much because the team train Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, so they’re off on a Wednesday and obviously have a game on a Saturday. But the injured players will be in on a Wednesday, because you’re aiming to push them to get fit on a Saturday. And then on a Sunday, anyone who’s been injured on a Saturday would be in, so it can end up being a seven-day week sometimes.“So the hours aren’t long, but can be awkward, so it means you don’t really get home. But as they say, if you want bank holidays, work in a bank. You suck that up. It’s a great job working in football, so you couldn’t complain.”(Kerin, far left, watches on during a Shamrock Rovers Europa League game)While Kerin says he counts O’Neill and former Rovers assistant boss Jim Magilton among his friends, and also recently watched the All-Ireland SFC final with the club’s only Irish-born player, Patrick Cregg, he still upholds the strict professional distance that is required between staff and players.“As a physio, you’re in a position where you can’t become close to the players because ultimately, you’re attempting to make a decision over whether they play,” he explains. “You need to be able to work them hard, you need to have a strong discipline with them, so it’s not something that can happen. You have to know your boundaries.“It’s something I’ve been aware of at all three of my clubs — because I’m young, you’re the same age as the players, you’re younger than a lot of the players — so you’ve got to create a role for yourself whereby you’re not going to be friends with the players and you’re keeping yourselves out of conversations with players. You’re not going to hear anything you shouldn’t and you’re not going to say anything you shouldn’t. It’s a challenge and because I’m young, and I don’t have my own friends over here, it’s something I have to work on.”